MSUE greenback.gif (10644 bytes) Common Wildflowers of
  Michigan's Upper Peninsula


Welcome!        

This list is arranged by the season of the year and is intended for those somewhat familiar with wildflowers.  Use it as a check-list or to narrow your choices in the field guides.  Michigan’s Upper Peninsula harbors many different plant communities.   Some plants occur almost everywhere, while others are adapted to very specific habitats.  This list was assembed by a variety of organizations.  See the end of this page for references.

Early Spring (May through early June)
Early Summer (June through early July)
Mid-summer (Late June through September)
Mid-summer Roadside Walk (dry open areas)
Mid-summer Open Bogs
Aquatic, Marshes, and Wet Ditches


Early Spring (May through early June)

Common Name Scientific Name Habitat
Anemone, Woods
Bellwort, Large-flowered
Bloodroot
Blue Cohosh
Canada Mayflower
Dutchman’s Breeches
False Solomon’s Seal
Gill-Over-the-Ground
Ginseng, dwarf
Goldthread
Hepatica
Heart-leaved Twayblade
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Lily, Bluebead
Lily, Trout
Marsh Marigold
Pipissewa
Rosy Twisted Stalk
Solomon’s Seal
Spring Beauty
Squirrel Corn
Starflower
Strawberry
Strawberry, Barren Ground
Trailing Arbutus
Trillium, Large-flowered
Twin Flower
Violet, Blue
Violet, Canada
Violet, Downy Yellow
Wild Ginger
Wild Leek
Wild Sarsaparilla
Wood Betony
Anemone quinquifolia
Uvularia grandiflora
Sanguinaria canadensis
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Maianthemum canadense
Dicentra cucullaria
Smilacina racemosa
Glechoma hederacea
Panax trifolium
Coptis trifolia
Hepatica americana
Listera cordata
Arisaema triphyllum
Clintonia borealis
Erythronium americanum
Caltha palustris
Chimophila umbellata
Streptopus roseus
Polygonatum pubescens
Claytonia caroliniana
Dicentra canadensis
Trientalis borealis
Fragaria virginiana
Waldsteinia fragaroides
Epigaea repens
Trillium grandiflorum
Linnaea borealis
Viola spp.
Viola canadensis
Viola pubescens
Asarum canadense
Allium tricoccum
Aralia nudicaulis
Pedicularis canadensis
open woods, thickets
moist woods
rich deciduous woods
very rich deciduous woods
common, conifer & hardwoods
very rich deciduous woods
deciduous woods
disturbed soil – European exotic
rich moist woods
cool cedar, hemlock woods
deciduous woods, acid soil
mossy cedar woods
rich moist woods
moist woods, acid soil
rich woods
wet soil streams & ditches
dry mixed woods
deciduous woods
deciduous woods
moist deciduous woods
very rich deciduous woods
cool woods, common
open fields, dry soil
thickets, clearings, sandy soil
conifer woods, sandy, acid soil
moist woods
cedar woods
moist woods & meadows
moist woods
rich woods
rich deciduous woods
very rich woods
moist woods
open woods, old roads

Early Summer (June through early July)

Common Name Scientific Name Habitat
Bishop’s Cap
Blue-eyed Grass
Bunchberry
Buttercup, Tall
Columbine
Enchanter’s Nightshade
Forget-Me-Not
Fringed Polygala
Ladyslipper, Pink
Ladyslipper, Showy
Ladyslipper, Yellow
Orchid, N. Bog
Silverweed
Trillium
Nodding Wintergreen
Mitella diphylla
Sisyrinchium spp.
Cornus canadensis
Ranunculus acris*
Aquilegia canadensis
Circaea spp.
Myosotis spp.
Polygala paucifolia
Cypripedium acaule
Cypripedium reginae
Cypripedium calceolus
Platanthera hyperborea
Potentilla anserina
Trillium cernuum
Gaultheria procumbens
rich woods
meadows and shores
moist woods, common
disturbed areas-European exotic
open woods, rocky slopes
rich woods
sunny stream borders
rich, moist deciduous or conifer woods
conifer bogs, pine woods
cedar swamps
bogs, moist woods, shady swamps
alder thickets, cedar swamps
sandy beaches, roadsides
deciduous woods, acid soil
deciduous or conifer woods

*non-native species, Eurasian exotic, weedy, 1998


Mid-summer (Late June through September)

Common Name Scientific Name Habitat
Anemone, Canada
Aster
Aster, Big-leaved
Baneberry, Red
Baneberry, White
Bearberry
Bergamot
Bindweed
Blazing Star
Blue Cohosh
Coralroot, Spotted
Cow wheat
Dogbane, Spreading
Early Meadow Rue
Fireweed
Goldenrod

Harebell
Honeysuckle, Bush
Indian Pipe
Lily, Wood
Nettle, Stinging
Pale Corydalis
Partridgeberry
Pyrola, Pink
Shinleaf
Skunk Currant
Yarrow
Anemone canadensis
Aster spp.
Aster macrophyllus
Actaea rubra
Acteaa pachypoda
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Monarda fistulosa
Convolvulus arvensis*
Liatris aspera
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Corallorthiza maculata
Melampyrum lineare
Apocynum androsaemifolium
Thalyctrum dioicum
Epilobium angustifolium
Solidago spp.
Campanula rotundifolia
Diervilla lonicera
Monotropa uniflora
Lilium philadelphicum
Urtica dioica
Corydalis sempervirens
Mitchella repens
Pyrola spp.
Pyrola spp.
Ribes glandulosum
Archillea millifolium
woods and thicket edges
open fields and roadsides
common in woods
rich deciduous woods
rich, deciduous woods (poisonous)
dry, sandy barrens
open, dry-moist meadows
dry soil, open woods
dry barrens
rich, deciduous woods
deciduous woods
dry-moist woods, barrens
woods edge, roadsides
moist, wood edges
fields and roads
open fields and roadsides
dry, open fields, barrens
shrub, woods, shade
shady, deciduous or conifer woods
sandy, acid soil, woods opening
moist, rich woods
dry, open rocky areas
dry or moist woods
moist, mixed woods
moist, mixed woods
cedar swamps, wet woods, shrub
fields and roadsides

*non-native species, Eurasian exotic, weedy, 1998


Sunny Roadside Walk in Mid-summer
(dry, open ground, barrens, meadows, roadsides)

Common Name Scientific Name
Black-eyed Susan
Cinquefoil

Cinquefoil, Trifoiliate
Clover, Alsike
Clover, Red
Clover, Rabbit-foot
Clover, White
Deptford Pink

Figwort
Horseweed
Knapweed, Spotted
Milkweed
Mullein
Mustard
Orange Hawkweed
Ox-eye Daisy

Primrose, Evening
Tansy
Trefoil, Birdsfoot

Sorrel, Sheep
St. John’s-Wort
Rose, Wild
Vetch
Rudbeckia hirta
Potentilla spp.
Potentilla tridentata
Trifolium hybridum*
Trifolium pratense*
Trifolium arvense*
Trifolium repens*
Dianthus armeria*

Scrophularia lanceolata
Conyza canadensis
Centaurea maculosa*
Asclepias syriaca
Verbascum thapsus*
Brassica spp.*
Hieracium aurantiacum*
Chrysanthemum leucanthemum*

Oenothera biennis
Tanacetum vulgaris*
Lotus corniculatus*
Rumex acetosella*
Hypericum perforatum*

Rosa spp.
Vicia americana

*non-native species, Eurasian exotic, weedy, 1998


Open Bogs (muskegs) in Mid-summer
(hummocky, spagnum bogs in full sun, few trees)

Common Name Scientific Name Comments
Bog Rosemary
Cotton Grass
Cranberry
Creeping Snowberry
Labrador Tea
Leatherleaf
Pale Laurel
Pitcher Plant
Sundew
Andromeda glaucophylla
Eriophorum spp.
Vaccinium oxycoccus
Gautheria hispidula
Ledum groenlandicum
Chamaedaphne calyculata
Kalmia polifolia
Sarracenia purpurea
Drosera rotundifolia
low-growing shrub
white cotton tufts perched on grass stems
low-growing plant
likes a bit of shade
low-growing shrub
low-growing shrub
low-growing shrub
pitcher-like leaves, nodding flower on stalk
rosette of sm. round leaves with sticky hairs

Aquatic, Marshes & Wet Ditches Great Lakes Shoreline (sand beach, dunes)

Common Name Scientific Name
Arrowhead
Bladderwort
Iris, Blue Flag
Lily, Yellow Bullhead
Lily, White Water
Loosetrife, Purple
Orchid, Purple Fringed
Pickerel Weed
Pipewort
Turtlehead
Water Arum
Water Hemlock
Water Smartweed*

Beach Grass
Bearberry
Sea Rocket
Sand Reed
Canada Wild Rye
False Heather
Evening Primrose
Silverweed
Birdseye Primrose
Meadow Rose
Solomon’s Seal (Starry False)

Sagittaria latifolia
Utricularia spp.
Iris versicolor
Nuphar variegatum
Nymphaea odorata

Lythrum salicaria*
Platanthera psycodes
Pontedera cordata
Eriocauline aquaticum
Chelone glabra
Calla palustris
Cicuta maculata

Polygonum amphibium*

Ammophila brevillgulata
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Cakile edentula
Calamovifa longifolia
Elymus canadensis
Hudsonia tomentosa
Oenothera biennis
Potentilla anserina
Primula mistassinica
Rosa blanda
Smilacina stellata

*non-native species, Eurasian exotic, weedy, 1998


References

Marquette County Conservation District
Michigan Association of Conservation Districts - Native Seed Program
Michigan Department of Agriculture
Michigan State University Extension
Natural Resources Conservation Service
U.S. Forest Service - Hiawatha National Forest

 

Roadweeds Home Page


This website is maintained by Bill Cook in cahoots with the Michigan Invasive Plant Council (MIPC).  The MIPC is a loose group of folks (not necessarily a group of loose folks!) working to make information available about invasive plants in Michigan and related issues.  If you have questions or comments about the information on this page, contact Bill

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